Bisque Dolls 1890-1915

By the 1880s, the French doll reigned supreme, but its appearance was beginning to change. The faces more often began to resemble children rather than ladies. These were just as luxurious as the ladies preceding them, and just as expensive. By 1890 Germany was making similar dolls in competition with France and at a price more reasonable for a child’s toy. Doll makers such as Kammer and Reinhardt, Armand Marseille and the Heubach brothers helped establish new trends. Among these was the move toward greater naturalism, with more and more character heads appearing. There was also an awakening interest in tourist dolls, and German dolls of bisque or composition were exported all over the world to be dressed with skill and authenticity in regional costumes. At the turn of the century, Germany had regained her supremacy in the doll market.