Timothy Brookins, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Classics and Biblical Languages
  • Program Coordinator for Biblical Languages (BA), Classics (BA), Latin (BA)
  • Program Coordinator for Biblical Languages (MA), and Classics and Early Christianity (MA)


  • PhD, Religion / New Testament, Baylor University
  • Post-Bacc, Classics, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
  • MDiv, Biblical Languages, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
  • BS, Communications, James Madison University

Courses Taught

  • Introduction to the New Testament
  • Greek Grammar I
  • Greek Grammar II
  • Greek Readings and Syntax I-II
  • Advanced Studies in Greek
  • Latin I
  • Latin II
  • Latin Readings in Vergil
  • Latin Readings in Roman Philosophers
  • Introduction to the Old Testament
  • Western Civilization I
  • Pauline Epistles (graduate class)
  • Apostolic Fathers (graduate class)
  • Greek Readings and Syntax I-II (graduate classes)
  • Advanced Studies in Greek (graduate class)
  • Second Temple Judaism (graduate class)
  • Classics and Christianity (graduate class)
  • Greco-Roman Philosophy (graduate class)
  • Greco-Roman Religions (graduate class)

Teaching Focus

Dr. Brookins specializes in early Christianity, with a primary specialization in the Pauline epistles. Other areas of interest include Greco-Roman philosophy and Greco-Roman rhetoric.


Dr. Brookins has presented papers at numerous professional meetings, including the annual meetings of the Classical Association of the Midwest and South (CAMWS), the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL), the American Academy of Religion (AAR), and the National Association of Baptist Professors of Religion (NABPR).


Rhetoric and the Style of Paul’s Letters. Cascade, 2022.

First and Second Thessalonians. Paideia. Baker Academic, 2021.

Reading 1 Corinthians. Reading the New Testament. Smyth & Helwys, 2020.

1 Corinthians: A Handbook on the Greek Text. With co-author Bruce W. Longenecker. Waco, Tx.: Baylor University Press (2016).

Corinthian Wisdom, Stoic Philosophy, and the Ancient Economy. Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Select articles

“The Alleged ‘Letter Allegedly from Paul’: The Parallel Function of ὡς δι’ ἡμῶν in 2 Thess. 2.2.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 44 (2021).

“An Obligation of Thanks (2 Thess 1,3): Gift and Return in Divine-Human Relationships.” Zeitschrift für neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche 112 (2021): 201-217.

“A Tense Discussion: Understanding Greek Indicative Verbs through Cognitive Linguistics.” Journal of Biblical Literature (2018).

“Greco-Roman Ideas on Anthropology.” In Anthropology and New Testament Theology. Edited by Jason Maston and Benjamin E. Reynolds. Library of New Testament Studies. T & T Clark, 2017.

“‘Natural Hair’: A ‘New Rhetorical’ Assessment of 1 Cor 11:14-15.” In Paul and the Greco-Roman Philosophical Tradition.” Edited by Andrew Pitts and Joseph Dodson. Library of New Testament Studies. T & T Clark, 2017.

“Economic Profiling of Early Christian Communities.” Pages 57-88 in Paul and Economics. Edited by Thomas Blanton and Ray Pickett. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 2017.

“(Dis)Correspondence of Paul and Seneca on Slavery: A Sociological Perspective.” Pages 179-207 in Paul and Seneca in Dialogue. Edited by Joseph R. Dodson and David E. Briones. Leiden: Brill, 2017.

“Paul and the Ancient Body Metaphor: Reassessing Parallels.” Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters 4 (2016): 75-100.

“‘I Rather Appeal to Auctoritas’: Roman Conceptualizations of Power and Paul’s Appeal to Philemon.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 77 (2015): 302-21.

“The Supposed Election of Officers in 1 Cor 11.19: A Response to Richard Last.” New Testament Studies 60.3 (2013): 423-32.

“The (I)nfrequency of the Name ‘Erastus’ in Antiquity: A Literary, Papyrological, and Epigraphical Catalog.” New Testament Studies 59.4 (2013): 496-516.

“Luke’s Use of Mark as Παράφρασις: Its Effects on Characterization in the ‘Healing of Blind Bartimaeus’ Pericope (Mark 10:46-52/Luke18:35-43).” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 34.1 (2011): 70-89.

“In Paul’s Defense: The Contribution of Cramer’s Catena to the Early Reception of Paul in Acts” (with Peter Reynolds and Mikeal Parsons). In Paul and the Heritage of Israel. Vol. 2. T & T Clark, 2012.